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Galungan and Kuningan: Gods' Visit to the Earth

Tanjung Benoa, 3 December 2014,

What are you looking for when you decide to fly thousand miles to Bali? If you are ecstatic to discover the culture, you should not miss one of the most important cultural religious ceremonies, Galungan. This special day is believed as the descent day of the Balinese Gods, and the ancestor spirits to the earth.

The word "Galungan" is derived from the ancient Java language meaning to win or to fight. On Galungan, Balinese honor the victory of the decency against the villainy. To celebrate the glory, the people reunite with the whole family and crafts offering for the temples and the houses. Tall bamboo poles called penjor are usually put in front of houses as the symbol of the religious festive. Always falling on Wednesday, Galungan is celebrated every 210 day.

After 10-day visit to the earth, the Gods and the spirits ascend back to heaven. Yellow rice is prepared as the offerings to Gods before they return to nirvana. Kuningan is marked as the end of the Galungan ceremony series.


Anonymous (27 March 2013). Hari Raya Galungan dan Kuningan 2013 di Bali. Retrieved October 21, Monday, 2013 from http://www.indonesia.travel/id/event/detail/618/hari-raya-galungan-dan-kuningan-2013-di-bali.

Stefan Russel. Galungan. Retrieved in October 21, Monday, 2013 from http://www.vilondo.com/when-to-go-to-bali/balinese-holidays/galungan/

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